Purpose The Elekta Active Breathing CoordinatorTM (ABC) is used to control breathing and guide deep inspiration breath hold (DIBH). It has been shown to be accurate in lung cancers, but limited analysis has been performed on the spatial accuracy and reproducibility of the breast surface. The use of optical surface-image guidance for patient positioning has grown in popularity and is an alternative solution for breast DIBH. This study aims to evaluate the breast surface variability of an ABC-guided DIBH by using a three-dimensional (3D) surface imaging system to record surface position. Methods Ten participants were placed in the treatment position, and breathing baselines and inhalation volume threshold baselines were monitored and recorded using the ABC. Over 60 minutes, the breathing patterns were recorded by the ABC and CatalystHD TM (C-RAD, Uppsala, Sweden). For each breath hold, the valve of the ABC closed at the baseline inhalation threshold and a 3D surface image was acquired. For each point on the baseline breast surface, a 3D vector was calculated to the subsequent breath hold surface as well as a root mean square (RMS) vector magnitude for the entire surface. Results The average and standard deviation for the RMS difference between the baseline and subsequent evaluated images were 7.12 ± 2.70 mm. Conclusion This study shows that while the ABC-guided inhalation volume is kept constant, a non-negligible variability of the breast surface position exists. Special considerations should be used in clinical situations, where the positioning of the surface is considered more important than inhalation volume.
Cureus (2021) 13(6):e15649
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