H3 K27M-mutant gliomas often manifest as midline gliomas, have a dismal prognosis, and have no effective treatments. ONC201 efficacy has been shown in high-grade glioma preclinical models and durable responses with single agent ONC201 have been reported in adults with recurrent H3 K27M-mutant gliomas. These observations led to a Phase I pediatric clinical trial of ONC201 dosed by body weight. This multi-center, open-label, 3 + 3 dose-escalation and dose-expansion clinical trial (NCT03416530) for H3 K27M-mutant glioma or non-biopsied DIPG has 6 arms: arms A and E determine the RP2D in pediatric post-radiation (recurrent or not-recurrent) H3 K27M-mutant glioma patients with ONC201 administered as an oral capsule as well as a liquid formulation, respectively. Both arms have completed accrual. The study is currently enrolling newly diagnosed DIPG patients to determine the RP2D for ONC201 in combination with radiation (arm B). Dedicated assessment of intratumoral ONC201 concentrations in midline gliomas patients (arm C) and the effects of ONC201 in H3K27M DNA levels in circulating CSF (arm D) are currently enrolling patients. ONC201 as a single agent in patients with progressive H3K27M mutant tumors following irradiation (excluding DIPG/spinal cord tumors) was recently opened (arm F). Once the RP2D is confirmed, there is a dose-expansion cohort to confirm the safety, radiographic efficacy and survival with ONC201. The primary endpoints of arms A, B, and E have been established with the RP2D of 625mg scaled by body weight as a capsule or liquid formulation administered alone or in combination with radiation without incidence of dose-limiting toxicity.

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19th International Symposium on Pediatric Neuro-Oncology (ISPNO 2020)

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