The Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services requires organizations to comply with the Patient Self-Determination Act by having processes that inform patients about their rights to execute an advance directive (AD) and engage in shared decision-making. The aim of this study was to compare AD data from a previous study (1999–2002) to a postenculturation (2011–2015) of a structured process for documented patient’s preferences. Second, to conduct a descriptive, bivariate analysis of the enculturated structured ADs process during 2011 and 2015. This descriptive, comparative analysis included 500 random patients from four hospitals, and the enculturated descriptive analysis included 302 patients from six hospitals. Comparisons showed less no ADs and a greater institutional ADs post compared with pre (p < .05). Fifty-four percent of patients from 2011 to 2015 had an AD, and none of them had resuscitative measures when Do-Not-Resuscitate status was ordered. This enculturated process which includes education for health-care professionals and the community facilitates optimal patient, family-centered care.
SAGE Open Nursing (2019) 5:1-9
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